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Understanding Mining

It’s been discovered on every continent on earth, it’s edible, our oceans contain nearly 20 million tonnes of it, and it’s perhaps the metal most infused with symbolism. Most people may associate gold with high-quality jewellery or wealth, but...
The world is changing fast. Things that would have seen inconceivable ten years ago are now commonplace, from global politics to technology. To someone from 2008 an average smartphone would seem like something out of a science fiction movie,...
Renewable power technology is, essentially, enabled by copper. The world simply cannot successfully transition to fossil fuel alternatives without it. Discover exactly how dependent a green energy-fuelled Earth is on the use of copper below. You may even think of...
1. It’s the world’s second-largest diamond producer Botswana is the world’s second-largest producer of diamonds, after Russia. The country is forecast to produce 22 million carats in 2017, which is more than a quarter of world production by value. Botswana...
There is something about “uranium” that connotes a rare — and even foreboding — substance, at least partly because of the way the word sounds. Compare “uranium” to good old “tin”, and it is somehow difficult to believe that...
1. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of diamonds In 2017, Sierra Leone produced nearly 450 000 carats of diamonds, making it the world’s eighth-biggest producer. Other minerals mined in Sierra Leone include gold, rutile, iron ore, and...
Liberia is Africa’s oldest independent republic The American Colonization Society founded Liberia as a haven for freed slaves who wanted to return to Africa. Around 10,000 men, women and children made their way across the Atlantic between 1821...
1. It is a by-product of copper mining You can’t mine cobalt; you can only get it as a by-product of copper mining. So, where there’s copper, there’s cobalt. The Copperbelt, which runs through the Central African Republic, the Democratic...
Smelting is an extremely important part of the overall mining process, facilitating the extraction of all kinds of metals – including silver, and base metals like iron and copper – from their ores. But how much do you really...
1. Mining is an important sector In 2014 mining accounted for about four percent of the Tanzanian economy, with the value of mining having doubled since 2009. Minerals were also an important export, accounting for nearly a quarter of the...

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